Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb.

First published in Willdenowia 39: 51 (2009)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe to Central Asia and Himalaya, N. Africa to Ethiopia and Arabian Peninsula. It is a Therophyte or biennial and grows primarly in the Temperate biome(s). It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food, a poison and a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 800–3100 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Santander.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Distribution
Found in Boyacá, Colombia.
[UPFC]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual, simple or often much branched and diffuse herb
Morphology Stem
Stems 4-winged, 5–50 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, sessile, ovate, 9–25 × 7–10 mm, subcordate at the base, acute or obtuse, entire, gland-dotted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels filiform, longer than leaves, erect at anthesis, recurved in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes 5, 3–4 mm, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, with minute hairs on margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla orange-red to blue, up to 15 mm in diameter, lobes 4–5 mm, ± orbicular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments bearded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ± 5 mm in diameter, circumscissile, many-seeded.
Ecology
Common in cultivated fields, irrigated places and gardens, on silty, loamy and sandy/gravelly soils; alt.: 50–180 m.
Phenology
March-Apr.
Distribution
Found throughout Iraq A widespread and variable species which has been variously treated recognizing subspecies and varieties. In Iraq both the blue flowered (var. arvensis) and orange-red flowered (var. coerulea L.) Gouan) colour forms occur showing no other consistent differences and no differences in range distribution.
[FIQ]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 800 - 3100 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
[UPB]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb; stems ascending, 4-winged, up to 40 cm or more long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite and decussate or rarely whorled, elliptic, ovate or obovate, 0.4–2.5 x 0.5–1 cm, acute at the apex, subcordate at the base, sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 1–3 cm long, first erect, elongating and recurved in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–6 mm long; lobes 5, linear to narrowly lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla rotate, up to 1 cm or more in diam., blue (mostly in Somalia), red or pink; lobes united at base, fringed with stalked glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with bearded filaments; anthers acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3–6 mm in diam., many-seeded.
Distribution
N1–3 native in the Mediterranean region and western Europe, now widespread in temperate regions of both hemispherestropical highlands.
Ecology
Altitude range 830–2060 m.
Note
A. arvensis is sometimes subdivided into subsp. arvensis and subsp. foemina (Mill.) Schinz & Thell. If so, the Somali plants are subsp. arvensis.
[FSOM]

Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Stems erect or ascending winged
Note
A weed of cultivation.
[FWTA]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 800 - 3100 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Annual; stems branching near the base and ascending or sometimes simple and erect, quadrangular, strongly 4-winged, 5–50 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite (or rarely verticillate), sessile, ovate, acute, subcordate at the base, 5–20 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary, pedicellate; pedicels slender, erect at anthesis becoming longer and recurved in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-segments 5, acute, about equal in length to the corolla-lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla rotate, up to 15 mm. in diameter; lobes up to as broad as long, apically entire, crenulate or denticulate, fringed with minute stalked glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments bearded; anthers acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules about 5 mm. in diameter.
[FTEA]

Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Tufted annual herb with ascending, branching stems up to 50 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6–20 mm. long, opposite and decussate or rarely whorled, sessile, elliptic, ovate or obovate, acute at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers borne in axils of all but lowermost leaves; pedicels at first short and erect, becoming long and recurved in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx–segments c. 4–5 mm. long, lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals ± equalling calyx, broadly obovate, connate at the very base, fringed with short–stalked glands, deep blue or red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. j as long as petals, adnate to base of corolla; filaments free, blue or red, bearded; anthers c. 0–6 mm. long, oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3–5 mm. in diameter, circumscissile, many–seeded; seeds c, 1·2 mm. long.
[FZ]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).
[UPB]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Flora of Iraq
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/about-wcvp
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • World Checklist of Vascular plants (WCVP)

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/about-wcvp
    • © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0