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This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe, W. Asia to Socotra, N. Africa to Ethiopia. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual, simple or often much branched and diffuse herb
Morphology Stem
Stems 4-winged, 5–50 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, sessile, ovate, 9–25 × 7–10 mm, subcordate at the base, acute or obtuse, entire, gland-dotted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels filiform, longer than leaves, erect at anthesis, recurved in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes 5, 3–4 mm, narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, with minute hairs on margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla orange-red to blue, up to 15 mm in diameter, lobes 4–5 mm, ± orbicular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments bearded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ± 5 mm in diameter, circumscissile, many-seeded.
Ecology
Common in cultivated fields, irrigated places and gardens, on silty, loamy and sandy/gravelly soils; alt.: 50–180 m.
Phenology
March-Apr.
Distribution
Found throughout Iraq A widespread and variable species which has been variously treated recognizing subspecies and varieties. In Iraq both the blue flowered (var. arvensis) and orange-red flowered (var. coerulea L.) Gouan) colour forms occur showing no other consistent differences and no differences in range distribution.

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 800 - 3100 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb; stems ascending, 4-winged, up to 40 cm or more long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite and decussate or rarely whorled, elliptic, ovate or obovate, 0.4–2.5 x 0.5–1 cm, acute at the apex, subcordate at the base, sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels 1–3 cm long, first erect, elongating and recurved in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–6 mm long; lobes 5, linear to narrowly lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla rotate, up to 1 cm or more in diam., blue (mostly in Somalia), red or pink; lobes united at base, fringed with stalked glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with bearded filaments; anthers acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3–6 mm in diam., many-seeded.
Distribution
N1–3 native in the Mediterranean region and western Europe, now widespread in temperate regions of both hemispherestropical highlands.
Ecology
Altitude range 830–2060 m.
Note
A. arvensis is sometimes subdivided into subsp. arvensis and subsp. foemina (Mill.) Schinz & Thell. If so, the Somali plants are subsp. arvensis.

[FWTA]

Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Stems erect or ascending winged
Note
A weed of cultivation.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 800 - 3100 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FTEA]

Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Annual; stems branching near the base and ascending or sometimes simple and erect, quadrangular, strongly 4-winged, 5–50 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite (or rarely verticillate), sessile, ovate, acute, subcordate at the base, 5–20 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary, pedicellate; pedicels slender, erect at anthesis becoming longer and recurved in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-segments 5, acute, about equal in length to the corolla-lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla rotate, up to 15 mm. in diameter; lobes up to as broad as long, apically entire, crenulate or denticulate, fringed with minute stalked glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments bearded; anthers acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules about 5 mm. in diameter.

[FZ]

Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Tufted annual herb with ascending, branching stems up to 50 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6–20 mm. long, opposite and decussate or rarely whorled, sessile, elliptic, ovate or obovate, acute at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers borne in axils of all but lowermost leaves; pedicels at first short and erect, becoming long and recurved in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx–segments c. 4–5 mm. long, lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals ± equalling calyx, broadly obovate, connate at the very base, fringed with short–stalked glands, deep blue or red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. j as long as petals, adnate to base of corolla; filaments free, blue or red, bearded; anthers c. 0–6 mm. long, oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 3–5 mm. in diameter, circumscissile, many–seeded; seeds c, 1·2 mm. long.

>

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Burundi, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Ascension, Assam, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Greenland, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Kirgizstan, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Réunion, South Carolina, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Zimbabwe

Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 26, 2017 Bunting [13.038], Venezuela Anagallis arvensis K000373789
Jan 1, 2009 Cornejo Tenorio, G. [3353], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001276005
Jan 1, 1993 Salinas T., A. [5764], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001276006
Jan 1, 1937 Matuda, E. [1289], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091504
Hinton, G.B. [304], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091500
Hinton, G.B. [3449], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091499
Palmer, E. [195], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091495
Palmer, E. [20], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091497
Palmer, E. [44], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091498
Harris, W. [s.n.], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001259252
Nicolas, F. [385], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001276003
Hormia, Kristina [15], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091494
Linden, J. [401], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001259248
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1492], Nepal Anagallis arvensis K001113220
Palmer, E. [133], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091496
Nation, W. [s.n.], Peru Anagallis arvensis K001259251
Gonzalez Ortega, J. [5330], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001276004
Rico, L. [1834], Tunisia Anagallis arvensis K000296012
Galeotti, H. [1722], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001259249
Ortega, R. [142], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001259253
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1492] Anagallis arvensis K001113225
Hinton, G.B. [11846], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091506
Galeotti, H. [1722], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001276007
Rico, L. [1807], Tunisia Anagallis arvensis K000296101
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1492] Anagallis arvensis K001113223
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1492], India Anagallis arvensis K001113226
Rosas R., M. [245], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001259246
Palmer, E. [782], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001259254
Hinton, G.B. [3334], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091502
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1492], Nepal Anagallis arvensis K001113221
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 1492], India Anagallis arvensis K001113222
Nicolas, F. [s.n.], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001276002
Bourgeau, E. [59], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091510
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Anagallis arvensis K001259255
Hinton, G.B. [841], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091501
Hinton, G.B. [5651], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091505
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1492] Anagallis arvensis K001113224
Coulter, T. [936], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091507
Linden, J. [366], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001259250
Palmer, E. [299], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001276001
Taylor, Mary [60], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001091503
Rosas R., M. [273], Mexico Anagallis arvensis K001259247

First published in Willdenowia 39: 51 (2009)

Accepted by

  • Sennikov, A.N. (ed.) (2017). Flora of Uzbekistan 2: 1-200. Navro'z Publishers, Toshkent.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.

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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Iraq
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
ColPlantA database
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